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Project Name Locomotive Fleet Renewal Program
Country The Russian Federation
Sector Transport
Concept Approval Date 08 November 2019
Board Approval Date 16 December 2019
Total Program Cost USD 7.5 billion (approx.)
Loan Amount USD 550 million (approx.)
Borrower Joint Stock Company Russian Railways
Implementing Agency Joint Stock Company Russian Railways
Project Context
With around 20,000 locomotives, Russian Railways (RZD) owns and operates almost all of the traction rolling stock in Russia. To meet the Company’s goals, which were approved by the Government of the Russian Federation, of increasing freight turnover (net of empty runs) in 2025 by 22% compared to 2018, locomotives will need to be replaced with new, more powerful and efficient models.
Project Objective
The Program’s objective is to replace around 20% of RZD’s fleet with new locomotives to (i) increase traction power over the network while enhancing the average daily productivity of each unit by around 10%; (ii) reduce transportation costs through lower consumption of energy and fuel, and reduced duration of idle time for maintenance; and therefore (iii) reduce locomotive greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions.
Project Description
NDB seeks to finance part of RZD’s approx. USD 7.5 billion Program to acquire more than 3,500 new locomotives between 2019-2025.
Expected Benefits
RZD’s Program is one of the largest infrastructure projects currently under implementation in Russia. The Program will contribute to the following targets based on strategic documents which were approved by the Government of the Russian Federation: (i) an increase in freight turnover (net of empty runs) by 22%, (ii) a decrease in specific electric power and fuel consumption of railways by no less than 3% and 5% respectively, and (iii) reduction of RZD’s CO2 emissions by 4.5% in 2025 (all targets compared to 2018 level).

Environmental and Social Aspect
The Program has been categorized as Category B in line with NDB’s Environmental and Social Framework (ESF). The Program will have significant positive impacts on E&S aspects due to the replacement of old locomotives (which have completed their extended service life) by adding advanced, efficient and certified locomotives. Operation and maintenance of locomotives and facilities (such as depots, fueling stations), will have E&S risks, but these are mitigated by adherence to the country’s system and corporate management systems of RZD.
Financing Aspect
The total cost of the Project is estimated at approx. USD 7.5 billion. Financing sources are as follows:
Source of Fund Amount (USD million)
New Development Bank
550 (approx.)
Other financing sources of the Company
7,000 (approx.)
Implementation
The Program started in 2019 and will span over 7 years with last deliveries of locomotives planned for 2025. Procurement will be carried out by RZD in accordance with its existing procurement procedures and applicable Russian legislation.
Contacts NDB Borrower
Eurasia Regional Centre:
Tim Fleming
fact@center.rzd.ru